Israel has an active science research and technology scene. Israel spends 4.2% of the GDP on civil research and development – the highest in the world. Israel became the eighth country to have space launch capability and ranked fifth on Bloomberg Innovation Index.
More than technology 3,850 start-ups have been established in Israel, making it second only to the US in this sector and has the largest number of NASDAQ-listed companies outside North America.
Six Israelis have won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. In 2004, Avram Hershko and Aaron Ciechanover of the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology were two of the three winners of the prize, for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation. In 2009, Ada Yonath was a co-winner of the prize for her studies of the structure and function of the ribosome. She is the first Israeli woman to win a Nobel Prize. In 2011 Dan Shechtman of the Technion, for his discovery of the quasicrystals. In 2013 Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems.
The 2004 Physics Nobel Prize laureate David Gross grew up partly in Israel, where he obtained his undergraduate degree.
The Nobel Prize for Economics was awarded to Daniel Kahneman in 2002, and to Robert Aumann of the Hebrew University in 2005.
Israel made significant research progress in fields such as biotechnology and cancer research, medical devices, water purification and treatment, agriculture, electronics, communications, optics, electro-optics, computers, solar energy and much more.
Whether you prefer an iPhone or an Android, significant part of your device has an Israeli fingerprint.